The Wakefield Court Rolls for the period 1338 - 1340 have recently been transcribed and published in the WCR Series by the YAS and describe the proceedings of the various sittings of the court across the Manor of Wakefield, Yorkshire for this period. The region basically cuts a swathe from Todmordon and Heptonstall in the west to Wakefield in the east and Holmfirth in the south.
Though some surnames were in use at this time, Jowett was not one of them, in this manor at least. There are however, several references to sons of Juliana which may be relevant and do come under my One Name Study. Whether these sons went on to take on the Surname Jowett we will never know, but they do provide interesting insights into life in south Yorkshire at this time - telling tales of debt, affray, theft, trespass and bootleg ale!
Two families seem to appear regularly - sons of Juliana in Holme to the south and Rastrick which is not far from the Halifax/Bradford area known to be rich in Jowetts.
The Rastrick family feature regularly throughout the records, mainly in the person of Thomas son of Juliana who seems to be at the centre of all the local misdoings. On October 2 1338 he was sued by Adam Batt and Henry Bythebrook for trespass, though three weeks later the suit is dropped (against Henry too by this time), Adam being amerced (fined) 4d, apparently for wasting time. Henry Bythebrok (or Byyebrook) seems to be a partner in crime for Thomas: that same week both of them are brought to the court again, this time by Modesta, wife of Thomas de Tothill, for unpaid debts of 20d for oats bought from her. This time they lose, are both forced to pay the debt and fined a further 2d each.
In April 1339 Thomas is again in trouble, with the Abbot of Fountains Abbey. On this occasion he is fined a total of 11d for carrying off timber from Bradeley Woods and, in a separate judgement on the same day, fined a further 2d for steeling greenwood (used as fodder). Things get worse two days later Thomas is fined 6d for trespass against Brother William de Bradeley.
In May 1340 Thomas is in trouble again when an enquiry finds him guilty of carrying off a stone "called Thakston" from William son of Eva total fine and cost 5d. The following day he and his old chum Henry Byyebrook are again found to owe money, this time to William son of Juliana (Thomass brother?), debts of 9d and 17d respectively, both of which are to be paid with fines of 2d each. Thomas also owes 4s to John del Frith. On the same day events take another turn when Thomas is also fined 6d for drawing blood from John son of John Stele!
Things get even worse the next month with a series of appearances at the court for Thomas, along with Henry by ye brok, Juliana wife of Richard (Thomass mother?), the above John Stele (not sure whether this is the father or the son) and Henry del Okes, concerning a trespass and rescue from the grave(ship) of Rastrick. Eventually Thomas and Juliana now "formerly" wife of Richard admit to trespass, and Juliana takes the blame for the rescue! The final appearance of this family concerns not Thomas, but William who takes our Henry by ye brook to the court for an unpaid debt of 11s 1d for an ox and hire of a cow.
Other regular occurences are in the Holme area where Richard son of Juliana appears several times concerning debts owed to Robert del Both, William de Bouderode and Adam del Grene; also Adam son of Juliana who surrenders land in Wolvedale and Henry son of Juliana who owes debts to John de Holme and Richard de Fouleston.
At Wakefield we get the only use of the pet form for Juliana. Here a Jouwet is fined 2d for vert (stealing greenwood). Other mentions of sons of Juliana appear in Sourby and Thurstanland both for drawing blood and in Hepworth a man of my own heart, William son of Juliana, is one of several people fined for brewing against the assize.
The actual entries (in chronological order) are:
|13381002||Rastrick||Rastrick: [The suit between]
|13381023||Rastrick||Rastrick: Adam Batt plaintiff does not prosecute against Henry Bythebrok and Thomas son of Juliana in a plea of trespass. He and his pledge for prosecution are amerced 4d.|
|13381027||Rastrick||Henry Bythebrok comes and acknowledges that he unjustly detains 20d from Modesta formerly wife of Thomas de Totehill for oats bought from her. He is to satisfy and id amerced 2d. Thomas son of Juliana likewise 20d from the said Modesta. He likewise 2d.|
|13381113||Holme||Robert del Both plaintiff offers himself against Richard son of Juliana in a plea of debt. Richard does not come and is amerced 2d; order is given to distrain him.|
|13381204||Holme||Robert del Both plaintiff offers himself against Richard son of Juliana in a plea of debt. Richard does not come and is amerced 2d; order is given to distrain him.|
|13381218||Holme||Holme: Adam son of Juliana surrenders into the hand of the grave an acre in Wolvedale, which is granted to Richard Childe: fine 6d|
|13381218||Holme||Richard son of Juliana was summoned to answer Robert del Bothe in a plea of debt. He does not come and is amerced 4d; order is given to distrain him.|
|13390108||Wakefield||Jouwet: For Vert (stealing of greenwood for animal fodder), fined 2d|
|13390108||Holme||Holme: Richard son of Juliana and Robert del Bothe agree in a plea of debt. Richard is amerced 4d.|
|13390421||Rastrick||Rastrick: An enquiry finds that Thomas son of Juliana took and carried off boards and other timber of the Abbot of Fountains in the wood of Bradeley, damage taxed at 8d. Thomas is to satisfy and is amerced 3d.|
|13390421||Rastrick||Rastrick: For Vert (stealing of greenwood for animal fodder), Thomas son of Juliana, 2d.|
|13390422||Holme||Richard son of Juliana acknowledges that he owes 13s 4d to Adam del Grene. He is to satisfy and is amerced 3d. William del Bothe acknowldeges that he owes 13s 4d to the same Adam. Likewise 4d.|
|13390423||Rastrick||Rastrick: Thomas son of Juliana is amerced 6d for false claim against Brother William de Bradeley in a plea of trespass.|
|13391011||Sourby||Sourby presents for drawing blood: Hugh Wade from Thomas son of Juliana 2s, the same Thomas from the same Hugh 12d.|
|13391013||Thurstanland||Thurstanland presents for drawing blood : John de Scoles from Adam son of Juliana 12d, the same Adam from the same John 6d. Thomas Moldeson from John de Scoles 4d, Adam son of Juliana from Gilbert Tailliour 6d, John Tailliour from Waryn de Cartworth 6d.|
|13391013||(Burton court)||An enquiry finds that Richard son of Richard Michel beat Henry son of Juliana, damage 6d.|
|13391013||Hepworth||Hepworth presents for brewing against the assize, all @ 2d: Roger de Oldfield, Edmund de Barnside, Thomas de Barnside, Thomas Shephird, Thomas de Bilclif, William son of Juliana, Emma Walker|
|13400218||Modesta formerly wife of Thomas de Tothill offers herself by her attorney and seeks 4s against John Walker which he owes her as the pledge of Henry son of Juliana and unjustly detains to her damage. John says that he owes nothing and is ready to wager his law: pledge for law Matthew de Osset|
|13400509||Rastrick||Rastrick: An enquiry finds that Thomas son of Juliana took and carried off a stone called Thakston from William son of Eva, damage 2d. He is to satisfy and is amerced 3d.|
|13400510||Wakefield||Wakefield: Thomas son of Juliana acknowledges that he owes William son of Juliana 9d. and Henry byyebrok <3d> likewise 17d to William. They to satisfy and amerced 2d. Thomas son of Juliana likewise 4s to john del Frith. Likewise, 2d|
|13400510||Rastrick||Rastrick: The township of Rastrick presents that Thomas son of Juliana drew blood from John son of John Stele, 6d|
|13400511||Holme||Holme: Richard son of Juliana acknowledges that he detains from William de Bouderode 2 quarters and 2 bushels of oats worth 2s 9d. He is to satisfy and is amerced 2d. Adam son of Juliana likewise William de Bouderode 22d. Likewise 3d|
|13400511||Holme||Richard de Fouleston plaintiff offers himself against Henry son of Juliana in a plea of debt. Henry does not come and is amerced 2d; order is given to distrain him.|
|13400512||Holme||Holme: John de Holne plaintiff and Henry son of Juliana agree in a plea of debt. Henry is amerced 3d.|
|13400614||Rastrick||Rastrick: Order was given to distrain Thomas son of Juliana, Juliana wife of Richard and Alice wife of Henry by ye brok to answer the lord concerning a rescue made from the grave at Rastrick. They did not come and they found John son of Ellen as pledge for appearing at this court. He is amerced 6d for not having his pledges. Order is given to distrain them.|
|13400614||Rastrick||Rastrick: Henry by ye broke, John Stele, Thomas son of Juliana and Henry del Okes, defendants against William son of Juliana who offers himself by attorney in a plea of debt, essoin the first time by Adam de Helay|
|13400614||Rastrick||Rastrick: An enquiry is to come [to determine] whether or not Thomas son of Juliana and Alice wife of Henry by ye brok made a rescue from the grave of Rastrick. Later they come and acknowledge the trespass; fine for trespass 6d.|
|13400630||Bailiff: Order is given to attach William Gadiner to answer Robert Proudfoot who offers a plea of trespass. Likewise Thomas son of Juliana, Juliana wife of Richard and Alice wife of Henry by ye broke to answer the lord concerning a rescue made from the grave of Rastrick|
|13400630||Rastrick||Rastrick: Order is given to distrain Henry by ye brok, John Stele, Thomas son of Juliana and Henry del Okes to answer to William son of Juliana who offers himself by his attorney in a plea of debt.|
|13400728||Rastrick||Rastrick: Juliana formerly wife of Richard comes into court and acknowldeges that she made a rescue from the grave of a distraint which he made by order of the court. She is amerced 3d|
|13400728||Rastrick||Rastrick: Henry by ye brok acknowledges that he owes 11s 1d to William son of Juliana for an ox and the hire of a cow, damage 6d. He is to satisfy and is amerced 3d.|
|26 March 1999|
Copyright S D Jowitt